“Gateway to Luck”

Gateway to LuckJainism appears in the American landscape in surprising ways. A teakwood replica of a Jain temple traveled from the St. Louis Fair of 1904–1905 to the Castaways Hotel in Las Vegas, and finally made its way to the Jain Center of Southern California in 1988.

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When the Summa Corporation decided to demolish its famous Las Vegas strip hotel, “The Castaways,” in 1988 to make way for the new Mirage Hotel, among the furnishings of the Castaways put up for sale was a fourteen-ton teakwood replica of a Jain temple. Unable to find a buyer willing to pay the asking price of $500,000, the corporation eventually donated the piece to The Friends of India, a Las Vegas sub-chapter of the Jain Center of Southern California.

The replica had originally been built by 65 Jain artisans over a two-year period at the turn of the 20th century. The project, however, was not a Jain initiative; the British government had commissioned the replica’s construction so that it could be displayed in their East India building at the St. Louis Fair of 1904-05. When the fair ended, the temple was dismantled, recrated and marked for shipment to England but, for some unknown reason, was never sent. The American art collector who eventually purchased the piece never reassembled it, keeping it in storage until his death in the early 1970s. When his collection was auctioned, the temple passed into the hands of an art dealer, who then sold it to Howard Hughes’ Summa Corporation. For fourteen years the replica would serve as decorative art in the gardens of the Castaways Hotel. The management dubbed the temple “The Gateway to Luck” and constructed beside it a small wishing well in which gamblers and other guests could toss coins for luck. Certainly very few patrons of the Castaways could have realized the great irony of seeking luck in gambling from a Jain temple.

Except for the fact that it is made of teakwood rather than white marble, the replica is an exact copy of the temple of Palitana, one of the most ancient and revered Jain tirthas in Gujarat. The model stands 35 feet high at its central tower, and is twenty square feet at the base—and it weighs almost 10,000 pounds. It has twelve intricately carved pillars, a set of carved spiral stairs leading up to the upper level, and an elaborate parapet wall on the upper level, with a statue above each pillar. The temple dome rises in the middle, with two other carved canopies on the upper level.

After taking possession of the temple replica in 1988, the Jain Center of Southern California kept it in storage until the replica’s various cracks and missing pieces could be renovated by Indian artisans and a special hall could be constructed at its new home, the Jain Bhuvan in Buena Park, California. During that time, three large panels from the replica were on display in the center. In 2004, the Jain center began a massive reconstruction of its space, during which time the replica was restored. The replica now serves as the centerpiece at the Jain center's new building, which was inaugurated in 2008.