The Puritans were Christians who, in the sixteenth century, called for the purification of the Church of England from what they considered the vestiges of Roman Catholic hierarchy and practice. Like other Reformers, they stressed the authority of the Bible, going further to see it as authoritative for regulating all human affairs. They were convinced that all human life—including the state—falls under Biblical rule. In their migration to America, they set out to establish a Biblical Commonwealth in what became known as Massachusetts, where ministers and magistrates alike held to the same Biblical standard.