Islam

Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR)

With headquarters in Washington, D.C. and chapters across America, CAIR’s mission is to: “enhance understanding of Islam, encourage dialogue, protect civil liberties, empower American Muslims, and build coalitions that promote justice and mutual understanding.”

Cordoba Initiative

Dedicated to “healing the relationship between the Islamic world and the West” through multi-faith dialogue.

Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Fellowship

Established in Philadelphia in 1971, the Fellowship studies the teachings of Bawa Muhaiyaddeen, a Sufi saint.

Azizah Magazine

A publication that “reflects the experiences and perspectives of Muslim women living in North American society.” Edited by Tayyibah Taylor.

The American Muslim

A forum that is inclusive of “various points of view (based on Qur’an and Sunnah) representing no one school of thought, ethnic group or organization”; gives special emphasis to intra- and inter-religious dialogue. Established in 1989 and edited by Sheila Masaji.

hijrah

The hijrah was the “emigration” of the Prophet Muhammad from Makkah to Madinah in 622 CE. When the Prophet and his followers were persecuted in Makkah, the tribes of Madinah promised to protect them and asked the Prophet to resolve disputes between them. The hijrah marks the founding of the first Islamic community under the leadership of the Prophet Muhammad, and thus the year 622 CE is the first year in the Islamic calendar.

Muhammad

The Prophet Muhammad, known as “the Seal of the Prophets,” was born in the city of Makkah on the Arabian peninsula in 570 C.E. At 40, he began to receive a series of revelations from God through the angel Gabriel. His small group of followers met with harsh persecution. In 622 C.E., the Prophet and his followers emigrated north from Makkah to Madinah to establish the first Islamic community. In 630, after a series of military battles and negotiations with enemies in Makkah, Muhammad returned to his city victorious. By his death in 632 CE, much of the Arabian peninsula had embraced Islam.... Read more about Muhammad

Umayyad

The Umayyad dynasty ruled the early Arab empire from 661-750 CE, and Spain from 756-1031 CE. From their capital in Damascus, the Umayyad caliphs sent Arab Muslim armies to conquer Syria, Egypt, Iraq and parts of Persia, Spain, and India. The Umayyads were forced to yield power to the new Abbasid dynasty in 750.

hafiz

A hafiz is a person who has memorized the entire Qur’an in Arabic. Learning the proper recitation of the Qur’an from memory is one of the primary goals of Islamic education for children, and the attainment of the status of a hafiz is a high honor.

minaret

The minaret is a tower often built to adorn a mosque, from which the call to prayer may be sounded.

Tablighi Jama’at

Tablighi Jama’at means literally, “the group that invites.” It is an apolitical missionary movement of Muslims, based in India, with a worldwide membership of millions. The movement sends small groups of Muslim men to visit inactive Muslims or inquirers to persuade them to conform their lives to Qur’an and Sunnah and to perform the prayers and other religious duties.

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