Divine Liturgy

The Divine Liturgy is the Eucharist, the communal sharing of sanctified bread and wine, as it is practiced in the Eastern Orthodox churches.


Lutheranism is a Protestant tradition following the theology of Martin Luther (1483-1546), the reformer who was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church and launched the German reformation. He emphasized the sole authority of the Bible, the priesthood of all believers, and justification before God by faith alone.


The Pope, the Bishop of the Church of Rome, is the leader of the Roman Catholic Church worldwide, invested with both moral and ecclesiastical authority by the Church. In 1870, the pronouncements of the Pope on issues of faith were proclaimed to be infallible by the Vatican I ecumenical council.


A bishop is an ordained minister who supervises life in a diocese, synod, or other broad region and possesses, among other things, the authority to ordain clergy to the ministry of the church. The Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and Protestant churches including Lutherans and Methodists, have bishops.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

(also: Mormons; LDS) The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also called the Mormon Church, was launched by Joseph Smith (1805-44) who discovered a new revelation, the Book of Mormon, which became, along with the Bible, the “latter day” scripture of the new community. The Mormons, under the leadership of Brigham Young, established a thriving community in Utah in the 1840s and are today a worldwide church.


Paul, an early Jewish convert to the way of Christ (about 33 CE), became the Apostle to the Gentiles, preaching the Gospel and establishing churches in Greece, Asia Minor, and Rome. Some thirteen letters of Paul to these early churches have become part of the scriptural treasury of Christians known as the New Testament.

Azusa Street revivals

On Azusa Street in Los Angeles was the mission church of black Holiness preacher William J. Seymour where one of the most important streams of pentecostalism had its genesis in revivals that took place between 1905 and 1913.


In the Christian tradition, Joseph is the earthly father of Jesus and husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus.


A parish is the geographical neighborhood or area served by a church or pastor.


The apostles are the disciples of Jesus recognized as leaders of the early church; Paul, although not a disciple, came to be considered an apostle as well.


A covenant (or brit) is a mutual promise or compact between two parties. In the Jewish and Christian traditions, covenant is of deep significance in describing the mutual relationship of God and the people of faith. The major covenants in Jewish scriptures are God’s covenant with Abraham (Genesis 15) and the Sinai/Moses covenant (Exodus 19-24) between God and Israel. For Jews, the covenant is an eternal bond between God and the people of Israel grounded in God’s gracious and steadfast concern, and calling for obedience to the divine commandments (mitzvot) and instruction (... Read more about covenant

Jehovah’s Witness

The Jehovah’s Witnesses are a Christian sect or movement founded in America by C.T. Russell (1852-1916) who foresaw the millennium, the return of Christ, and the end of the world and condemned many institutionalized forms of Christianity. The Jehovah’s Witnesses have refused military service and the pledge of allegiance to the American flag, which compromises their allegiance to God alone. In a landmark case (West Virginia State Board of Education vs. Barnette, 1943) the U.S. Supreme Court upheld their right to refuse the pledge.

Old Testament

(also: Hebrew Bible) The Old Testament is the term Christians often use for the body of writings that comprise the Hebrew Bible which Jews call Tanakh.

Unitarian Universalist Association

(also: Unitarian Universalist; UU) The Unitarian Universalist Association came into being in 1961 through the union of two communities of faith: the Unitarians who stressed the oneness of God and the Universalists who insisted on universal salvation. Both movements became popular in 18th- and 19th-century America, especially in the northeastern states. The two groups were both involved in issues of social justice and social action. These similarities, combined with a shared commitment to freedom of religious belief and expression, led the two groups to their eventual merger. Today the... Read more about Unitarian Universalist Association

All Saints Day

All Saints Day is November 1, the day on which the church celebrates the saints, known and unknown.