Source: BBC News
The Indian government has identified 700 towns with substantial Muslim populations to launch focused programmes to improve their lot.
A recent government report shows that Muslims in India are even more disadvantaged than low-caste Hindus.
It says a high rate of unemployment and lack of education has led to a decline in their socio-economic standards.
India and Pakistan have the largest Muslim populations in the world, after Indonesia.
A new confidential report prepared by the Planning Commission, based on data from the census department, says a majority of Muslims live in towns and cities of India.
It says around 700 of India's 5,161 towns have substantial numbers of Muslim residents.