The 99. Naif al-Mutawa (creator) (Safat, Kuwait: Teshkeel), 2006-2010. Comics, TV series.
Abdo, Geneive. MeccaMakkah (also spelled Mecca) is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, the hub of the caravan trade in the Arabian Peninsula, and the site of the holy Ka’bah. After receiving the first revelations of the Qur’an on a mountain outside Makkah, Muhammad d... and Main Street: Muslim Life in America After 9/11 (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2007.
Abdul-Ghafur, Saleemah (ed.). Living IslamIslam in Arabic literally means “submitting” or “submission.” One who submits or surrenders his or her will to God is called a Muslim. While the whole of God’s creation is described as being inherently Muslim, human beings must choose whether to... Out Loud: American Muslim Women Speak (Boston: Beacon Press), 2005.
Ahmad, Leila. Women and Gender in Islam (New Haven: Yale University Press), 1992.
Armstrong, Karen. Islam: A Short History (London: Phoenix), 2001.
Asad, Talal. “The Idea of Anthropology of Islam.” Qui Parle? 17, 2 Spring 2009, 1-30.
Asad, Talal, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, and Saba Mahmood. Is Critique Secular?: Blasphemy, Injury and Free Speech. Townsend Center for the Humanities, University of California. Berkeley: Distributed by University of California Press, c. 2009.
Aslan, Reza. No godGod is a term used to refer to the Divine, the Supreme being, Transcendent deity, or Ultimate reality. but GodThe term god with a small “g” is used to refer to a deity or class of deities whose power is understood to be circumscribed or localized rather than universal, or to refer to a plurality of deities.: The Origins, Evolution, and Future of Islam, Updated Edition (New York: Random House), 2011.
Austin, Allan. African Muslims in Antebellum America (New York: Garland), 1984.
Barlas, Asma. “Believing Women” in Islam: Unreading Patriarchal Interpretations of the Qur’an (Austin: University of Texas Press), 2002.
Berkey, Jonathan. The Formation of Islam (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 2003.
Bleich, Erik (ed.). Muslims and the State in the Post-9/11 West (London: Routledge), 2010.
Blige, B. and Barbara Aswad (eds). Family and Gender Among American Muslims: Issues Facing Middle Eastern Immigrants and Their Descendants (Philadelphia: TempleA temple is a house of worship, a sacred space housing the deity or central symbol of the tradition. The Temple in Jerusalem was the holy place of the Jewish people until its destruction by the Romans in 70 CE; now the term “temple” is used by th. Ref... University Press), 1996.
Bouhdiba, Abdelwahab. Sexuality in Islam (London, Boston: Routledge), 2007.
Bukhari, Zahid (ed.). Muslims’ Place in the American Public Square: Hopes, Fears, and Aspirations (Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press), 2004.
“ChaplainA chaplain is a member of the clergy who serves in a prison, a hospital, a college, or some other institution outside the context of the normal congregational life of a religious community. works to be Ambassador of Muslim Faith, U.S., Army.” Kyle Martin. The Augusta Chronicle. 3 February 2012. http://chronicle.augusta.com/news/metro/2012-02-03/chaplain-works-be-ambassador-muslim-faith-us-army.
Curtis, Edward E., VI. Islam in Black America (Albany: SUNY Press), 2002.
Curtis, Edward E., VI. Muslims in America: A Short History (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2009.
Darmer, Katherine B., et.al. (eds.). Civil Liberties vs. National Security in a Post-9/11 World (Amherst: Prometheus Books), 2004.
Diouf, Sylviane. Servants of AllahAllah is the word for God in Arabic, used by Arabic-speaking Christians, Jews, and Muslims. According to Islam, Allah is the creator and ruler of the entire universe, the ultimate judge of all human beings, characterized by mercy and compassion. By means ...: African Muslims Enslaved in the Americas (New York: New York University Press), 1998.
Ebrahimji, Maria M., and Zahra T. Suratwala. I Speak for Myself: American Women on Being Muslim (Ashland, Oregon: White Cloud), 2011.
“Ellison Uses Thomas Jefferson’s Qur’an.” Fredric J. Frommer. The Washington Post. www.washingtonpost.com. 5 January 2007. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/05/AR2007010500512.html.
An English Interpretation of The Holy Qur’an with Full ArabicClassical Arabic is the language of revelation in Islam as recorded in the Qur’an. Muslims consider every word of the Qur’an to be a direct utterance of God. The Arabic language itself is regarded as perfectly suited as the instrument for God’s comm... Text. Translated by A. Yusuf Ali. (Lahore: MuhammadThe Prophet Muhammad, known as “the Seal of the Prophets,” was born in the city of Makkah on the Arabian peninsula in 570 C.E. At 40, he began to receive a series of revelations from God through the angel Gabriel. His small group of followers met with... Ashraf), 1975.
Ernst, Carl. Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World (ChapelA chapel is a place of worship, smaller than the sanctuary of a church or synagogue, or in an institutional setting such as a college or hospital. Hill: University of North Carolina Press), 2003.
Esposito, John L. The Future of Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2010.
Espositio, John L. Islam: The Straight Path, Fourth Edition (New York: Oxford University Press), 2011.
Esposito, John L. (ed.). Voices of Resurgent Islam (New York: Oxford University Press), 1983.
Esposito, John L. and Dalia Mogahed. Who Speaks for Islam: What a Billion Muslims Really Think (New York: Gallup), 2007.
Euben, Roxanne L. and Muhammad Qasim Zaman (eds.). Princeton Readings in Islamic Thought (Princeton N.J.: Princeton University Press), 2009.
Gest, Justin. Apart: Alienated and Engaged Muslims in the West (New York: Columbia University Press), 2010.
Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck. Becoming American? The Forging of Arab and Muslim Identity in Pluralist America (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press), 2011.
Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck. The Muslims of America (New York: Oxford University Press), 1991.
Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, Jane I. Smith, and Kathleen M. Moore. Muslim Women in America: The Challenge of Islamic Identity Today (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2011.
Hallaq, Wael. An Introduction to Islamic Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 2009.
Hamm, Mark S. “Prisoner Radicalization: Assessing the Threat in U.S. Correctional Institutions.” NIJ (National Institute of Justice) Journal. No. 261. 27 October 2008. http://www.nij.gov/journals/261/prisoner-radicalization.htm.
Jamal, Amaney and Nadine Naber (eds). Race and Arab Americans Before and After 9/11: From Invisible Citizens to Visible Subjects (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press), 2008.
Kahf, Mohja. Western Representations of the Muslim Woman: From Termagant to Odalisque (Austin: University of Texas Press), 1999.
Kepel, Gilles. JihadJihad means literally “struggle or exertion” in the way of God. The “greater jihad” involves struggling against evil within oneself, while the “lesser jihad” involves working against injustice or oppression in society, sometimes even using arm...: The Trail of Political Islam (London, New York: I. B. Tauris Publishers), 2002.
Köszegi, Michael and J. Gordon Melton (eds). Islam in North America: A Sourcebook (New York: Garland Publishing), 1992.
Kugle, Scott. Homosexuality in Islam: Islamic Reflection on Gay, Lesbian, and TransgenderTransgender is a term that refers to a range of unconventional relationships to gender. Transgender people do not identify with the sex and gender roles they were assigned at birth, and they may feel that their psychological gender and physical bodies are... Muslims (Oxford: Oneworld Publications), 2010.
Lawrence, Bruce B. New Faiths, Old Fears: Muslims and Other Asian Immigrants in American Religious Life (New York: Columbia University Press), 2002.
Leonard, Karen Isaksen. Muslims in the United States: The State of Research (New York: Russell Sage Foundation), 2003.
Levtzion, Nehemia and Randall Pouwels. The History of Islam in Africa (Athens: Ohio University Press), 2000.
Malcolm XMalcolm Little (1925-1965) is one of the most well-known African Americans who embraced Islam. He took the name Malcolm X upon joining the Nation of Islam while in prison. He spoke forcefully for black separatism in the face of white predjudice and violen... with Alex Haley. The Autobiography of Malcolm X (New York: Ballantine), 1973.
Metcalf, Barbara. Making Muslim Space in North America and Europe (Berkeley: University of California Press), 1996.
M’Bow, Amadou Mahtar and Ali Kettani (eds.). Islam and Muslims in the American Continent (Beirut: Center of Historical, Economical and Social Studies), 2001.
McCloud, Aminah Beverly. African American Islam (New York: Routledge), 1993.
McCloud, Aminah. Transnational Muslims in American Society (Gainesville: University of Florida Press), 2006.
“Muslim Women Gain Higher Profile in U.S.” Brian Knowlton. The New York Times. www.nytimes.com. 27 Dec. 2010.http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/28/world/middleeast/28iht-muslim28.html?pagewanted=all&_r=1&.
al-Na’im, Abdallah. Islam and the Secular State (Cambridge: Harvard University Press), 2004.
RamadanRamadan is the ninth lunar month during which the first revelation of the Qur’an came to Muhammad. Each year in this month, Muslims abstain from all food, drink, and sexual activity from dawn until sunset. They ar. also meant to make a conscious effort ..., Tariq. Western Muslims and the Future of Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2004.
Ramadan, Tariq. What I Believe (New York: Oxford University Press), 2009.
Rauf, Feisal Abdul. What’s Right With Islam Is What’s Right With America (New York: HarperCollins), 2004.
Robinson, DavidDavid was the King of Israel (c. 1000 BCE) credited with uniting the many tribes of Israel into a centralized kingdom with Jerusalem as its capital. David is said to have planned for the Temple in Jerusalem, which was subsequently built by his son Solomon.... Muslim Societies in African History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 2004.
Roy, Olivier. Globalized Islam: The Search for a New UmmahUmmah means “community,” refering to the worldwide community of believers bound by their faith in Islam which, ideally, is seen as transcending ethnic, racial, and national differences. (New York: Columbia University Press), 2004.
Safi, Omid (ed.). Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism (Oxford: One World), 2003.
Schimmel, Annemarie. Islam: An Introduction (Albany: SUNY Press), 1990.
Schimmel, Annemarie. Mystical Dimensions of Islam (Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press), 1975.
“SikhSikhs call their tradition the “Sikh Panth,” meaning the “community (panth) of the disciples of the Guru.” The tradition reveres a lineage of ten Gurus, beginning with Guru Nanak in the 16th century and coming to a clos. with the death of Guru Gob... Owner Of Gas Station Is Fatally Shot In Rampage.” Tamar Lewin. The New York Times. www.nytimes.com. 17 September 2001. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/09/17/us/sikh-owner-of-gas-station-is-fatally-shot-in-rampage.html.
Smith, Jane. Islam in America (New York: Columbia University Press), 1999.
Starrett, Gregory. Putting Islam to Work: Education, Politics, and Religious Transformation (Berkeley: University of California Press), 1998.
Stowasser, Barbara. Women in the Qur’an, Traditions, and Interpretation (New York: Oxford University Press), 1994.
Tucker, Judith. Women, Family, and Gender in Islamic Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 2008.
Turner, Richard Brent. Islam in the African-American Experience, Second Edition (Bloomington: Indiana University Press), 2003.
Wadud, Amina. Qur’an and Woman: Rereading the Sacred Text from a Woman’s Perspective, Second Edition (New York: Oxford University Press), 1999.
Walker, Dennis. Islam and the Search for African-American Nationhood : ElijahElijah was a ninth century BCE Hebrew prophet and visionary. According to tradition, he did not die but was taken to heaven in a chariot of fire (2 Kings 2). Elijah’s periodic return to eart. has become part of the rabbinical and mystical Jewish traditi... Muhammad, Louis FarrakhanMinister Louis Farrakhan (b. Louis Eugene Wolcott, 1933) revived the old Nation of Islam in 1977, restoring its original ideology and organization and establishing the University of Islam in Chicago. He states that the Honorable Elijah Muhammad, after his..., and the Nation Of IslamThe Lost-Found Nation of Islam in America, begun by Wallace D. Fard in Detroit in the 1930’s, was developed by the Honorable Elijah Muhammad. Elijah Muhammad preached some Islamic principles, but his lessons about the superiority of the Black Man were c... (Atlanta: Clarity Press), 2005.
Webb, Gisela (ed.). Windows of Faith: Muslim Women Scholar-Activists in North America (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press), 2000.
“Women in Islam: To Separate Fact from Fiction.” Los Angeles, California: Islamic CenterAn Islamic center will typically include a mosque, school, and area for social and cultural activities. When a new Islamic center is being organized in the United States, attention is paid to community needs, including a weekend or full-time school, indic... of Southern California, 1994.
Yee, James. For God and Country: Faith and Patriotism Under Fire (New York: Public Affairs), 2005.