Dr. Vivienne Angeles’ study of Filipino Catholic Communities in Philadelphia focused on how Catholicism, as interpreted in the Philippine setting, is reinterpreted by Filipino immigrants in the United States. The study recognized the fact that as Filipinos try to adjust to their lives in the United States, they are also coping with the issue of creating a new identity as Filipino-Americans. In so doing, they negotiate their cultural orientations and revise inherited traditions and practices in order to fit the new environment and present lifestyles. This adjustment touches on religion, particularly Catholicism, which is an important component of the identity of most Filipinos. Dr. Angeles and her team explored how this process took place in two Filipino Catholic communities in Phildelphia which are based at St. Peter’s ChurchThe term church has come to wide use to refer to the organized and gathered religious community. In the Christian tradition, church refers to the organic, interdependent “body” of Christ’s followers, the community of Christians. Secondarily, church ... and St. Augustine’s Church. Aside from studying and documenting the faith and practice of Filipino Catholics as well as their use of sacred spaces, the researchers also explored how these communities function in the members’ adjustment to American life.
Studying Filipino Catholic communities in Philadelphia is important because it adds to the understanding of the dynamics of immigrant community religious life. The study involved both library and field research, as well as audio and video recordings.
Members of the two communities were interviewed and researchers attended and participated in communal activities. The team photographed and recorded on audio and video the following events:
- Singing of the Passion Story of JesusJesus is the historical figure considered by Christians to be the Christ, the Messiah, whose life and teachings, death and resurrection give clear evidence of God’s love for humankind. Jesus was born shortly before the death of Herod the Great (d. 4 BCE... on April 10, 1998;
- Santa Cruzan and Flores de Mayo (these are celebrated separately in the Philippines but combined in Philadelphia) The Santa Cruzan celebrates the search for the holy crossThe cross is the central symbol of the Christian faith, pointing to the significance for the church of the whole Christ event: the life and teachings, the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. by the mother of Constantine the Great. The Flores de Mayo is the Philippine version of the May procession. They were held at St. Peter’s on May 16 and at St. Augustine’s on May 17, 1988;
- A Charismatic Rally at the Mother of Hope Church on May 23, 1998
- Philippine Centennial MassMass is a term used in the Roman Catholic Church for the ritual that culminates in the celebration of the Eucharist, the central rite of sharing the consecrated bread and wine in the church community. at St. Augustine’s on June 14, 1998. This was held in celebration of the 100th year of the first declaration of Philippine independence; and
- Sinulog festival on August 30, 1998. This is a festival in honor of the Infant Jesus which is held in January in the island of Cebu in the Philippines. It is an outdoor affair, hence the August date instead of during the winter in January.
Selected Links and Publications
- Research Paper: Filipino Catholic Communities in Philadelphia