Dr. Carlos Arboleda

The Project for Religious Pluralism in Colombia, directed by Dr. Carlos Arboleda Mora, studies the religious diversity in Colombia with a focus on Medellín. This project was developed by El Grupo Religión y Cultura de la Universidad Pontifica Bolivariana de Medellín. This group is dedicated to the study of contemporary religion. Dr. Arboleda Mora has written History of the Religious Pluralism In Columbia and other related books.

Project Objectives

  • To describe and explain the presence and history of diverse religious movements in Columbia;
  • To create a history of religious pluralism in Colombia up until contemporary times;
  • To describe and map the religious pluralism of Medellín, Colombia;
  • To study the relation between social conflict and religion in the country during the 19th and 20th centuries;
  • To study the characteristics of PentecostalismPentecostalism is a term used to describe a twentieth-century Christian movement that emphasizes Spirit-filled worship, including glossolalia or “speaking in tongues,” as is said to have happened on the first day of Pentecost nearly 2000 years ago in ... in Colombia;
  • To study pathological forms of religion such as destructive cults, and so called “diabolical possession.”

Ultimately this project seeks to advance the knowledge of religious pluralism in Colombia, specifically in Medellín, and to understand the phenomenon of pluralism to help create a more tolerant and pluralistic society.


  • Carlos Arboleda – director, sociologist, and historian
  • Clara Mejía – researcher, social worker
  • Carlos Ocampo – researcher, sociologist
  • Bernardo Guzmán – researcher, theologian, and psychologist

Selected Links and Publications

  • El ecumenismo en preguntas/The Ecumenism in Questions (Medellín: UPB, 2006)
  • Iglesia y conflicto en Colombia/ChurchThe term church has come to wide use to refer to the organized and gathered religious community. In the Christian tradition, church refers to the organic, interdependent “body” of Christ’s followers, the community of Christians. Secondarily, church ... and Conflict in Colombia (Medellín: UPB, 2006.)
  • Guerra y Religion en Columbia/War and Religion in Columbia (Medellin: UPB, 2005)
  • La religiosidad del joven universitario de Medellín/The Religiosity of the Young University Man of Medellín (Medellín: UPB, 2005)
  • Historia del pluralism religiosa en Colombia/History of the Religious Pluralism in Colombia (Medellín: Secum, 2003)